Although part of the national park has been attacked in this process of rotational bush fallow farming, the. Nigeria is among the regions of the world that is rich in biodiversity. The devastating effects of environmental degradation a. Regarding the lowly thornbush as an emblem of israel which unquestionably it is, though the fire be the symbol of god in the fact that the symbolical manifestation of the divine energy lived in so lowly a shrine, and flamed in it, and preserved it by its burning, there is a great and blessed truth. This is the act of removing weeds, grasses and trees so as to plant crops on the farmland. The burning bush symbolizes the altar where the fire continually burns and is never extinguished. According to the narrative, the bush was on fire, but was not consumed by the flames, hence the name.
It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. Bush burning is a notorious agent of deforestation in nigeria nest 1991. Bush burning is a common practice in both savannah and forest zones of nigeria and has greatly altered the original vegetation. The impact is intense because agroeconomy of nigeria is dependent on rainfall and hence affected by fluctuating weather. A report on the soils of nigeria published in 1990, based on field surveys that was undertaken in 1985, indicated that apart from bush burning, in nigeria, other problems created by soil abusers are in the form of land clearing, with wrong tools, construction of all types, mining including quarrying and fertilizer use, overgrazing, and. This exposes the land to the effects of wind and water erosion. The scene at the burning bush ceneh, a bush, septuagint batos, blackberry bush reveals god to the world in one of theophanies with fire, of which there are four mentioned in the bible exodus 3. But godled moses to a burning bush which changed him from being a wilderness shepherd into a statesman and a deliverer. The effect of bush burning on agricultural land in ovia north east local government area of edo state includes abstract and chapter one, complete project material available the effect of bush burning on agricultural land in ovia north east local government area of edo state abstract the burning of natural vegetation no doubt.
Department of biological sciences usmanu danfodiyo university, sokoto, nigeria. The main problems facing wildlife conservation in nigeria include poaching, over exploitation, lack of accurate data, bush burning which destroys wildlife habitat especially in the savannah, overgrazing, poor funding of management and research and low managerial capability. Environmental and social management framework esmf. Implications of bush burning on weed species diversity, population density and organic matter content of the soil in birninyauri, kebbi, nigeria national institute for freshwater fisheries research p. Sproul examines the biblical account of moses lifealtering encounter with the holy god.
This prompted this study that took a general overview of climate change impacts in nigeria. The fire that devastated nigeria telecommunication facility in 1984 was due mainly to careless bush burning umoh, 1985. The resultant effects of drought are exacerbated by human activities such as deforestation, bush burning, overgrazing and poor cropping methods, which reduce water retention of the soil, and improper soil. Bush burning increases the emission of greenhouse gases causing climate change and global warming, ultimately depleting the ozone layer, increasing the sun rays on our skin. Causes, effects and mitigation 171 cover, all of which results in greater evaporation rates. The familiar narrative of moses and the burning bush evokes wonder and awe, but do you know gods motives for revealing himself to moses in this manner. Nigeria is the world number 1 producer of cassava cassava farming has taken the center stage in nigeria and contributes over 45 percent of nigerian agricultural gdp. It has been marred by sin, and there are many things in itmost obviously deaththat were not part of gods original design. O oladipos a comprehensive approach to drought and desertification in northern nigeria, environmental degradation from bush burning, gombes governor.
In southwestern nigeria, flame accounted for 6571% of burn. The effect of fire on weed species diversity, population density. The negative impact of bush burning need not to be over emphasised especially during the hot season in northern nigeria as apart from environmental pollution and health hazards, bush burning. Bush burning a major developmental challenge in northern. Bush burning has been practiced in many parts of the world, and has been. The effect of bush burning on agricultural land abstract bush burning removes the natural vegetation cover that protects the soil surface. And i will give this people favour in the sight of the egyptians. The available statistical data on burn epidemiology are predominantly hospitalbased. The burning bush is an object described by the book of exodus as being located on mount horeb. Through this remarkable event, moses encounters god on mount horeb, and god reveals himself deuteronomy 33. In crop rotation, plants are grown in a particular area and rotated through a period of time 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 years. Bush, burning definition and meaning bible dictionary. The major problems include habitat degradation through uncontrolled logging, agricultural projects, industrial plantations, highway and urban development, and exploitation for fuelwood, overhunting and poaching steps taken so far. To evaluate farmers perceptions about the environmental and vulnerability impact of bush burning.
Some of the practices that influence bush burning include. Bush burning in several parts of the world is a traditional farming practice especially in third world nations. He was working for his fatherinlaw jethro tending his fatherinlaws. Evaluation of environmental and vulnerability impact of bush. Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. Deforestation and greening the nigerian environment. Nigeria has a total of 309 threatened species which includes 8 reptiles which is under pressure from deforestation, urbanization, construction industries, bush burning, over hunting, climate change, habitat loss. Why did god speak to moses out of the burning bush. Lowintensity bush burning will affect soil conditions, although not to the degree of a fire involving hardwoods. Environmental issues acid deposition architecture and energy conservation carbon monoxide deforestation energy efficient buildings greenhouse effect health hydrogen sulfide nitrogen oxide nitrogen oxides ozone layer photochemical smog pollutants. Original article, report by advances in environmental biology. Southern guinea savanna of adamawa state, nigeria, between 1995 and 2010.
Particulate matter pm is also one of the environmental effects of bush burning, pm 10 in particular is a major effect which leads to adverse health issues. In the biblical narrative, the burning bush is the location at which moses was appointed by god to lead the israelites out of egypt and into canaan the hebrew word in the narrative that is. Ukali, has again emphasised on the need for strict penaltive measures and enviromental law to be taken against the common practice or habit of bush burning, deforestation, desertification many of which are due to human activities in many parts of the country. Sharon ikeazor, has condemned the bush burning practice in nigeria as it contributes to climate change. General overview of climate change impacts in nigeria article pdf. Pdf on aug 16, 2015, benjamin ambe and others published. Rotational bush fallow cultivation and environmental. Tamaleghana indiscriminate bush burning has become one of the major developmental challenge in north ghana which authorities seem not to find lasting solution to it. The impact that bush burning has on soil depends largely on the intensity of the fire and how long it burns. It should however noted that burning on agricultural lands in okada in ovia north east local government area attention was focused on the merit and demerit of burning agricultural land in. The environmental and health effects of bush burning by.
Both farmers and hunters in this part of the world use fire as a tool notwithstanding the fact that it is one of the most serious agents of forest destruction especially during the dry season. Assessment of snake bite in some selected communities in. Examining environmental policies and laws in nigeria. The story of god speaking to moses out of the burning bush is found in exodus 3. Bush burning involves the removal of forest by using fire to burn out the existing vegetation. Drought, desertification and the nigerian environment. Case study iv nigeria this case study was prepared by lawrence chidi anukam iv. Implications of bush burning on weed species diversity, population. Assessment of the impacts and peoples perception of bush. In 1991 the federal government of nigeria, with the active collaboration of the nigeria conservation foundation ncf, created a national park in these forest reserves at akamkpa and boki l. Pdf general overview of climate change impacts in nigeria.
During the 2019 lf outbreak in the state which started in epi week 1, five of these wards were affected as at epi week 8. Nigeria approved national forest policy june 14th 2006. Most fires are caused either deliberately or by accident and these destroy trees of all sizes including seedlings. Bush burning and other illegal practices affecting the environment have attracted the concern of building nigerias response on climate change bnrcc, a project working to help build informed. We know from scripture that the cosmos is not the same as when god created it. We investigated the knowledge and risk perception of residents towards lf and determined the factors influencing their risk perception in communities that have reported confirmed. Nigerian agriculture contributes to a small extent to global warming through bush burning and other poor land management practices, but it bears first and foremost the full brunt of climate change impacts. Pdf assessment of the impacts and peoples perception of bush. Ngo warns abuja residents against indiscriminate bush burning.
Through ten lectures, he explains the meaning behind gods appearance in the burning bush as well as the. Tagged 3rd world water forum, abuja sunday trust, adagbo onoja jigawas special adviser on media affairs, bauchis governor isa yuguda, bornos governor kashim shetima, e. A professor of forest ecology and the president, a nigerian academy of science, david u. However, we hope that it causes some to stop and think and examine the trends which have been embraced by many fundamentalists of late. Bush burning can cause the soil to lose its ability to absorb and retain water. Aside the destruction of biodiversity, the region loses a. Low risk perceptions have been reported to prevent appropriate preventive behaviours. It is as if at this point they have already begun to worship their god at sinai. Evaluation of environmental and vulnerability impact of bush burning in southern guinea savanna of adamawa state, nigeria. Many other divine manifestations were associated with fire.
Lassa fever lf is an epidemicprone zoonotic disease prevalent in nigeria and ebonyi state is a high burden area in nigeria. The respondents interviewed were selected using a simple random sampling and purposive sampling techniques proportional to the size of the areas. Large scale plantation establishment of cash crops as well as indiscriminate bush burning and overgrazing also lead to habitat destruction for indigenous species of plant and animals occurring in narrow ecological ranges. However, when growing burning bush, its best to place the shrub in sites with excellent drainage but lightly moist soil. The landscape may quickly recover after a fire, with fresh new growth and emerging seedlings.
Fire is also a common land management practices in many agricultural areas of some countries including nigeria where it is used to burn the by products of some. In nigeria, like many developing nations, the resultant environmental problems are legion. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. The effects of bush burning on soil conditions sciencing. Evaluation of environmental and vulnerability impact of. Bush burning and open air drying on the floor are acceptable agricultural practices. Effect of bush burning on soil infiltration rate using.
The population comprises of predominantly igbo and christians. Mr kelvin dzeremo, executive director, foundation for economic empowerment and educational development feed, an ngo, on wednesday warned fct residents against indiscriminate bush burning to. This sign strengthens the spirit of moses, as he knew that israel would be in the service of the king of kings. Any soil type, including alkaline, may support burning bush growth. In every dry season, large tracts of land and vegetation are burnt by some people secretly destroying properties and biodiversity. Agriculture in nigeria contributes merely about 20 percent of. As of 2005, the unfao graded nigeria as having the highest deforestation rate in the world, with about 55. Bush burning removes the natural vegetation cover that protects the soil surface. The growing population is dependent on imported food staples, including rice, wheat and fish. Bush fallowing is a system of subsistence agriculture in which land is cultivated for a period of time and then left uncultivated for several years so that its fertility can be restored meaning of fallow land fallow land is a land that is left dormant between planting seasons in order to allow the soil to regenerate its mineral base. The burning bush online article archive page 3 ciation that follows such a step. Enforce extant environmental laws to prevent bush burning. Few modern agencies can trace ancestry in a straight line of succession since 1908 when the first forestry department was created. Pdf environmental and health risk of bush burning researchgate.1585 678 670 410 1431 117 531 1524 738 787 1128 1602 52 1315 764 1353 321 552 447 463 225 1536 1146 1302 563 1430 1360 71 1171 352 17 778 247 156 1305 208 1615 606 1346 487 156 802 263 653 932 684 1319 830